Breather-type solitons in exciton-polariton microcavities
Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Mines and Petroleum Industries, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 46, Maroua, Cameroon
2 Department of Petroleum and Gas Engineering, School of Geology and Mining Engineering, University of Ngaoundéré, P.O. Box 454, Ngaoundéré, Cameroon
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Accepted: 21 November 2017
Published online: 20 December 2017
We analytically investigate the formation of the Kuznetsov-Ma breather, the Akhmediev breather and the Peregrine breather in one-dimensional exciton-polariton condensates under homogeneous pumping. We show that the breather polariton solitons obtained in this study present deformations which are completely controlled by the physical parameters of the system. The maximal intensity of these breathers is controlled by the strength of the interaction amongst polaritons. In addition, we observe that the maximal population of polaritons is obtained at the highest concentration of breathers during the condensation.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2017