Solitons, breathers and rogue waves for a sixth-order variable-coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation in an ocean or optical fiber
Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics and National Laboratory for Computational Fluid Dynamics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 100191, Beijing, China
Accepted: 22 December 2016
Published online: 23 January 2017
Under investigation in this paper is a sixth-order variable-coefficient nonlinear Schrödinger equation in an ocean or optical fiber. Through the Darboux transformation (DT) and generalized DT, we obtain the multi-soliton solutions, breathers and rogue waves. Choosing different values of (x), (x), (x) and (x), which are the coefficients of the third-, fourth-, fifth- and sixth-order dispersions, respectively, we investigate their effects on those solutions, where x is the scaled propagation variable. When (x), (x), (x) and (x) are chosen as the linear, parabolic and periodic functions, we obtain the parabolic, cubic and quasi-periodic solitons, respectively. Head-on and overtaking interactions between the two solitons are presented, and the interactions are elastic. Besides, with certain values of the spectral parameter , a shock region between the two solitons appears, and the interaction is inelastic. Interactions between two kinds of the breathers are also studied, and we find that the interaction regions are similar to those of the second-order rogue waves. Rogue waves are split into some first-order rogue waves when (x), (x), (x) and (x) are the periodic or odd-numbered functions.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2017