Dissipative entanglement swapping in the presence of detuning and Kerr medium: Bell state measurement method
Atomic and Molecular Group, Faculty of Physics, Yazd University, 89195-741, Yazd, Iran
2 The Laboratory of Quantum Information Processing, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 29 November 2017
Published online: 20 December 2017
In this paper, we investigate the possibility of entanglement swapping between two independent nonperfect cavities consisting of an atom with finite lifetime of atomic levels (as two independent sources of dissipation), which interacts with a quantized electromagnetic field in the presence of detuning and Kerr medium. In fact, there is no direct interaction between the two atoms, therefore, no entanglement exists between them. We use the Bell state measurement performed on the photons leaving the cavities to swap the entanglement stored between the atom-fields in each cavity into atom-atom. Our motivation comes from the fact that two-qubit entangled states are of great interest for quantum information science and technologies. We discuss the effect of the initial state of the system, the detuning parameter, the Kerr medium and the two dissipation sources on the swapped entanglement to atom-atom. We interestingly find that when the atomic decay rates and photonic leakages from the cavities are equal, our system behaves as an ideal system with no dissipation. Our results show that it is possible to create a long-living atom-atom maximally entangled state in the presence of Kerr effect and dissipation; we determine these conditions in detail and also establish the final atom-atom Bell state.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2017