Generation of entanglement between two laser pulses through gravitational interaction
School of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences, 430074, Wuhan, China
2 School of Mathematics and Physics, China University of Geosciences, 430074, Wuhan, China
Accepted: 1 February 2023
Published online: 9 February 2023
We investigate entanglement generation between two pulses through the gravitational interaction in the framework of linearized quantum gravity. Different from the earlier suggestions that two massive particles can be entangled through the gravitational field produced by the particles themselves, we use the massless particles (a laser pulse) to generate the gravitational field. In our proposal, the propagating retarded effect of the gravitational perturbation generated by the laser pulses can be incorporated into the interaction, which is significant for supporting the assumption of local interaction. It is found that the locally linearized quantum gravitational interaction can indeed lead to the generation of entanglement between two pulses, and the result is dependent on the propagating time of the gravitational perturbation. We also provide a measurement suggestion using a Holometer-like interferometers structure to present this result of gravitation-induced entanglement, which could show that the gravitational mediator is quantum in future experiments.
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