Eavesdropping a quantum key distribution network using sequential quantum unsharp measurement attacks
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, 517507, Tirupati, India
2 Pondicherry University, Chinna Kalapet, 605014, Kalapet, Puducherry, India
3 Udgam School for Children, 380051, Ahmedabad, India
4 S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Block JD, Sector III, Salt Lake, 700 106, Kolkata, India
5 QuNu Labs Pvt Ltd, Centenary Building, 2nd Floor, East Wing, Mahatma Gandhi Rd, 560025, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Accepted: 4 January 2023
Published online: 20 January 2023
We investigate the possibility of eavesdropping on a quantum key distribution network by local sequential quantum unsharp measurement attacks by the eavesdropper. In particular, we consider a pure two-qubit state shared between two parties Alice and Bob, sharing quantum steerable correlations that form the one-sided device-independent quantum key distribution network. One qubit of the shared state is with Alice and the other one while going to Bob’s place is intercepted by multiple sequential eavesdroppers who perform quantum unsharp measurement attacks thus gaining some positive key rate while preserving the quantum steerable correlations for Bob. In this way, Bob will also have a positive secret key rate although reduced. However, this reduction is not that sharp and can be perceived due to the decoherence and imperfection of the measurement devices. We found that there is a possibility of sequential eavesdropping even after setting a minimum threshold on the observed secure key rate by Alice and Bob. In the end, we show that an unbounded number of eavesdroppers can also get secret information in some specific scenario.
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