The carbon footprint of proposed Higgs factories
CERN, 1 Esplanade des Particules, 1217, Meyrin, Switzerland
2 LPNHE, IN2P3-CNRS, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005, Paris, France
3 University of Geneva, 24 rue du Général-Dufour, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland
Accepted: 22 September 2022
Published online: 10 October 2022
The energy consumption of any of the Higgs factory projects that can credibly operate immediately after the end of LHC, namely three linear colliders (CLIC, operating at GeV; and ILC and , operating at GeV) and two circular colliders (CEPC and FCC-ee, operating at GeV), will be everything but negligible. Future Higgs boson studies may therefore have a significant environmental impact. This note proposes to include the carbon footprint for a given physics performance as a top-level gauge for the design optimisation and, eventually, the choice of the future facility. The projected footprints per Higgs boson produced, evaluated using the 2021 carbon emission of available electricity, are found to vary by a factor 100 depending on the considered Higgs factory project.
© The Author(s) 2022
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