Early detection of synchrony in coupled oscillator model
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, 600036, Chennai, India
Accepted: 27 July 2022
Published online: 6 August 2022
In this paper, we study the applicability of an early warning index while studying the transitions to complete and generalized synchronizations in the coupled oscillator models using an unconventional system parameter and the coupling strength as the required control parameters. The coupled oscillator models are widely used and well-documented models for studying various aspects of nature. However, the early warning index used in this paper is an explicit function of the mutual information of the coupled oscillators and reaches two different values before the interacting oscillators yield complete and generalized synchronizations. The transitions to synchrony using the unconventional control parameter are associated with a transition to periodic dynamics of the individual oscillators from their initial chaotic dynamics. Besides, when we use the coupling strength as a control parameter, the interacting oscillator exhibits chaotic dynamics during the synchronizations. Our analysis mainly involves different examples of two low-dimensional oscillators. Finally, we extend our study to a network of interacting oscillators. The applicability of the early detection index is verified in all cases.
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