Inspection of modified Fourier’s and Fick’s laws in magnetized transport of Oldroyd-B nanofluid with swimming motile microorganisms: a theoretical model
Department of Mathematics, Government College University Faisalabad, Layyah Campus, 31200, Layyah, Pakistan
2 Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences, King Khalid University, 61413, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Accepted: 5 August 2021
Published online: 20 August 2021
In modern technology, the cooling mechanisms are important for energy storage devices that have been performed with both active and passive heat transfer enhancement techniques. Engineers and scientists have produced various strategies for improving heat transport within thermal process. Nanofluids are the developing consequence of the improvement in heat transfer which has been continuously analyzed. This article discusses the 2D flow of Oldroyd-B nanofluid including swimming gyrotactic motile microorganisms through stretched cylinder. Aspects of Arrhenius activation energy, Cattaneo–Christov heat and mass fluxes and heat source/sink are also considered. The significance of Brownian motion and thermophoresis diffusions is also described to analyze the nanoparticles. Oldroyd-B nanofluid is auspicious for depicting many forms of problems, because this fluid system has the potential to show the features of several rate-type liquids like fluids under the short-chain suspended tiny particles, fluid particles, cleaning products as well as blood in humans. Appropriate similarity variables are used to attain a non-dimensional appearance of problem, and then embedded coupled ODEs have been solved mathematically by using bvp4c solver in the computational software MATLAB. Significance of involved pertinent parameters on flow field like temperature profile, volumetric nanoparticle concentration and microorganism field is also analyzed through graphs. It has been found that the increment in Prandtl number reduces temperature. It is also interesting to observe that temperature field is enhanced for larger temperature ratio and thermophoresis parameters. The outcomes indicate that concentration of nanoparticles is decreasing functions of concentration relaxation parameter and Lewis number. Furthermore, the microorganism field is reduced for larger bioconvection Lewis number while upgraded for bioconvection Rayleigh number.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021