Performance of thermal deposition and mass flux condition on bioconvection nanoparticles containing gyrotactic microorganisms
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, HITEC University, Taxila, Pakistan
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Accepted: 18 October 2017
Published online: 24 November 2017
This is an attempt to investigate the influence of thermal radiation on the movement of motile gyrotactic microorganisms submerged in a water-based nanofluid flow over a nonlinear stretching sheet. The mathematical modeling of this physical problem leads to a system of nonlinear coupled partial differential equations. The problem is tackled by converting nonlinear partial differential equations into the system of highly nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The resulting nonlinear equations of momentum, energy, concentration of nanoparticles and motile gyrotactic microorganisms along with the mass flux condition are solved numerically by means of a shooting algorithm. The effects of the involved physical parameters of interest are discussed graphically. The values of the skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number, Sherwood number and local density number of motile microorganisms are tabulated for detailed analysis on the flow pattern at the stretching surface. It is concluded that the nanofluid temperature is an increasing function of the thermal radiation and the Biot number parameter. An opposite trend is observed for the local Nusselt number. The association with the preceding results in limiting sense is shown as well. A tremendous agreement of the current study in a restrictive manner is achieved as well. In addition, flow configurations through stream functions are presented and deliberated significantly.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2017