Lax pair, interactions and conversions of the nonlinear waves for a (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation in a Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain
State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications, and School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 100876, Beijing, China
Accepted: 1 July 2021
Published online: 16 July 2021
Spin waves, the collective excitations of the electron spin systems in the ferromagnetic metals, are used in the telecommunication systems and radars. Under investigation is a (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation which describes the spin dynamics of a Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin chain. We construct its Lax pair which is different from the published ones. With respect to the coherent magnetism amplitude for the bosonic operators at the spin lattice sites, we derive the n-th-order breather solutions with n as a positive integer. We convert, under certain conversion conditions, the breathers to the lumps, rogue waves and two types of periodic waves which are named as the periodic-I and periodic-II waves in this paper. The breathers and periodic-I waves are affected by the uniaxial crystal field anisotropy parameter A as well as the bilinear exchange interactions. Periods of the periodic-II waves are affected by A and the lattice parameter. Via the second-order breather solutions, interactions of the two breathers, of the two periodic waves and of a breather and a periodic-I wave are graphically discussed. Through the theoretical and graphical analyses, it is found that the lumps and rogue waves are the long-wave limits of the breathers and periodic waves, respectively.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021