Soliton lattices originating from excitons interacting with high-intensity fields in finite molecular crystals
Laboratory of Research on Advanced Materials and Nonlinear Sciences (LaRAMaNS), Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, Cameroon
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Accepted: 26 August 2019
Published online: 6 December 2019
The effects of long-range intermolecular interactions on characteristic features of soliton bound states, consisting of localized excitons and polaritons in molecular crystals interacting with a high-intensity optical field, are investigated. Analytical solutions to the resulting modified nonlinear Schrödinger equation are obtained in terms of elliptic-type bright- and dark-soliton structures, which are assumed to correspond to periodic trains of pulse solitons and kink solitons respectively. Long-range intermolecular interactions are shown to renormalize the exciton-polariton interaction strength, hence generating a significantly huge increase in amplitudes of the bright solitons but a decrease in amplitudes of dark solitons. Results suggest that long-range intermolecular interactions hold relevant roles, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in the formation of amplitude and phase modulated strongly nonlinear exciton-polariton solitary-wave patterns, as well as in the energy transfer along molecular crystals interacting with high-intensity optical fields.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019