MHD viscous Casson fluid flow and heat transfer with second-order slip velocity and thermal slip over a permeable stretching sheet in the presence of internal heat generation/absorption and thermal radiation
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
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Revised: 12 March 2015
Accepted: 28 March 2015
Published online: 29 April 2015
This article is devoted to describing the boundary layer flow and heat transfer for an electrically conducting Casson fluid over a permeable stretching surface with second-order slip velocity model and thermal slip conditions in the presence of internal heat generation/absorption and thermal radiation. The basic equations governing the flow and heat transfer are in the form of partial differential equations; the same have been reduced to a set of highly non-linear ordinary differential equations by applying suitable similarity transformations. Exact solution corresponding to momentum equation is obtained, and, in the case of no slip conditions, we get the exact solutions for both momentum and energy equation. The resulting similarity equations are solved numerically by shooting method. Comparisons with previously published work are performed and the results are found to be in excellent agreement. In the present work the effect of magnetic parameter, suction/injection parameter, Casson parameter, slip parameters, radiation parameter, internal heat generation/absorption parameter and the Prandtl number on flow and heat transfer characteristics have been discussed. Also, the local skin-friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number at the sheet are computed and discussed. It is found that the temperature rises to a higher value when the Casson parameter increases but the reverse is true for the velocity distribution. Finally, increasing the velocity and thermal slip parameters makes the rate of heat transfer decrease.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2015