Territories of Parrondo’s paradox and its entanglement dynamics in quantum walks
Department of Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, 321004, Jinhua, People’s Republic of China
Accepted: 9 January 2023
Published online: 21 January 2023
Parrondo’s paradox is a well-known counterintuitive phenomenon, where the combination of unfavorable situations can establish favorable ones. In this paper, we study one-dimensional discrete-time quantum walks, manipulating two different coins (two-state) operators representing two losing games A and B, respectively, to create the Parrondo effect in the quantum domain. We exhibit that games A and B are losing games when played individually but could produce a winning expectation when played alternatively for a particular sequence of different periods for distinct choices of the relative phase. Furthermore, we investigate the regimes of the relative phase of initial state of coins where Parrondo games exist. Moreover, we also analyze the relationships between Parrondo’s game and quantum entanglement and show regimes where Parrondo sequence may generate maximal entangler state in our scheme. Along with the applications of different kinds of quantum walks, our outcomes potentially encourage the development of new quantum algorithms.
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