Low-thickness Ti–Mn–Zn-substituted Ba-hexaferrite/MWCNT nanocomposites with enhanced magnetic, dielectric, and microwave absorption properties
Department of Physics, College of Science, Shiraz University, 71946-84795, Shiraz, Iran
Accepted: 17 October 2022
Published online: 22 October 2022
In this work, the various concentrations of Ti, Mn, and Zn were substituted instead of ferric cation of M-type Ba-hexaferrite through the modified sol–gel auto-combustion synthesis procedure. The resulting nanoparticles were compounded with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and thus, the BaTi2xMnxZnxFe12−4xO19/MWCNT (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5) nanocomposites were formed. With the help of Rietveld refinement on XRD patterns in FullProf software, the successful substitution of cations in the single-phase hexagonal lattice structure was confirmed, and the tendency of each cation to occupy five ferric ion sites was investigated. The FTIR analysis was employed to recognition of chemical bonds and confirmation of crystalline structure. FE-SEM and TEM images confirmed the presence of nanoparticles sticking to MWCNTs and homogenous dispersing. The VSM analysis showed that the overall trends of MS, Mr, and HC are descending with increasing x, except for a few points described according to the refinement results. The nanocomposites exhibited appropriate microwave absorption properties at the whole X and Ku frequency bands by thickness change of only 0.8 mm. The minimum reflection loss was achieved to − 31.5 dB (equivalent to more than 99.9% energy absorption) at a low thickness of just 0.9 mm, and the maximum bandwidth reached 3.89 GHz. As a result, these developed nanocomposites are recommended for use in equipment such as aircraft and UAVs, where the thickness and weight of the absorbing material are of particular importance.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.