Star product approach for loop quantum cosmology
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Campus Pedregal, Av. Parque Chapultepec 1610, Col. Privadas del Pedregal, 78217, San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico
2 Dual CP Institute of High Energy Physics, Colima, Mexico
Accepted: 2 October 2022
Published online: 17 October 2022
Guided by recent developments toward the implementation of the deformation quantization program within the loop quantum cosmology (LQC) formalism, in this paper we address the introduction of both the integral and differential representation of the star product for LQC. To this end, we consider the Weyl quantization map for cylindrical functions defined on the Bohr compactification of the reals. The integral representation contains all of the common properties that characterize a star product which, in the case under study here, stands for a deformation of the usual pointwise product of cylindrical functions. Our construction also admits a direct comparison with the integral representation of the Moyal product which may be reproduced from our formulation by judiciously substituting the appropriate characters that identify such representation. Further, we introduce a suitable star commutator that correctly reproduces both the quantum representation of the holonomy-flux algebra for LQC and, in the proper limit, the holonomy-flux classical Poisson algebra emerging in the cosmological setup. Finally, we propose a natural way to obtain the quantum dynamical evolution in LQC in terms of this star commutator for cylindrical functions as well as a differential representation of the star product using discrete finite differences. We expect that our findings may contribute to a better understanding of certain issues arising within the LQC program, in particular, those related to the semiclassical limit and the dynamical evolution of quantum states.
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