A new model of covariant electrodynamics of moving media based on an alternative coordinate transformation relation instead of the usual Lorentz transformation
College of Electronic and Optical Engineering, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 210023, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China
Accepted: 5 August 2022
Published online: 13 August 2022
There exist persistently unsolved problems in electrodynamics of moving media, which are usually related to application of Lorentz transformation. In this work, applying an alternative coordinate transformation relation (CTR) instead of the usual Lorentz transformation, a new model of covariant electrodynamics of moving media is developed, in which both covariant form of the usual Maxwell’s equations proposed by Minkowski and electromagnetic energy–momentum density tensor with covariance and diagonal symmetry are obtained, the relativistic energy–momentum relation is revised to be compatible with both de Broglie hypothesis and Minkowski momentum, and thus, possible resolutions of Abraham–Minkowski controversy may be proposed from both classical and quantum levels. This work provides a new way to address the unsolved problems existed in the usual electrodynamics of moving media, which may be helpful to seek proper CTR for space filled with material media and deepen the understanding of both special and general relativity.
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