Modifications of CMB spectrum by nonextensive statistical mechanics
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, UK
2 Nottingham Centre of Gravity, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham, UK
Accepted: 16 June 2022
Published online: 6 July 2022
Cosmic microwave background radiation can supply us some most significant parts of the information on the universe. Some researchers believe that the gravitational system cannot be decribed by the standard statistical mechanics. In this article we apply Tsallis nonextensive statistical mechanics to investigate CMB spectrum and related cosmological processes. Based on recent observational data we find that the nonextensive statistical mechanics can modify the values of related physical quantities. Since the value of physical quantites have changed, some processes, such as recombination, can be affected. We have investigated the anisotropy of the CMB for two effects: the dipole anisotropy of CMB and the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect. We find that the dipole anisotropy of CMB cannot be modified by the nonextensive statistical mechanics. However, the standard result of the Sunyaev-Zel’sdovich effect should be modified by nonextensive statistical mechanics. In principle, future work can distinguish these effects.
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