Direct generation of two-pair frequency entanglement via dual periodic poling in lithium niobate waveguides
Department of Physics, Bennett University, 201310, Greater Noida, India
Accepted: 8 June 2022
Published online: 15 June 2022
In this paper, we address the generation of a two-pair frequency entangled state using type-0 spontaneous parametric down-conversion process in a dual periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide. We show that, by suitable domain engineering with two periods of quasi-phase matching grating, it is possible to achieve a frequency entangled state with two different pairs of frequencies. Numerical simulations show that the output state can be maximally entangled. We also perform numerical simulations to address other interesting and useful entangled states which can be generated with the help of our scheme. The proposed scheme can help create efficient photonic setups required for quantum communication systems and can have various applications considering the increasing interests of energy-time entanglement in quantum information regime.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2022