Manipulation of transverse emittances in circular accelerators by crossing nonlinear 2D resonances
Physics and Astronomy Department, Bologna University and INFN Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2 Beams Department, CERN, Esplanade des Particules 1, 1211, Meyrin, Switzerland
Accepted: 3 May 2022
Published online: 16 May 2022
Controlling nonlinear effects in the transverse dynamics of charged particle beams in circular accelerators opens new possibilities for controlling some of the beam properties. Beam splitting by crossing a stable 1D nonlinear resonance is part of the routine operation of the CERN Proton Synchrotron. The beam undergoes trapping and transport inside stable islands created in the horizontal plane to allow multi-turn extraction toward the Super Proton Synchrotron, where the beam is used for fixed-target experiments. This process acts only on the horizontal beam emittance, inducing a reduction of its initial value. In this paper, we present a generalization of this approach, in which both transverse planes are affected by the proposed technique. We will discuss in detail how to manipulate the transverse emittances by means of a controlled crossing of a 2D nonlinear resonance. The novel technique will be presented by discussing the theoretical analysis of a Hamiltonian model, as well as simulating the performance of the proposed manipulation using a more realistic nonlinear symplectic map.
© The Author(s) 2022
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