High-order synchronization in a system of nonlinearly coupled Stuart-Landau oscillators
Department of Nonlinear Dynamics, School of Physics, Bharathidasan University, 620024, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Accepted: 24 November 2021
Published online: 8 December 2021
The high-order synchronization was studied in systems driven by external force and in autonomous systems with proper frequency mismatch. Differing from the literature, in this article, we demonstrate the occurrence of high-order (1 : 2) synchronization in an autonomous nonlinearly coupled (Stuart-Landau) oscillators which admit a particular form of rotational symmetry. Interestingly, the observed 1 : 2 synchronization happens not only for a particular choice of natural frequencies but for all possible choices of frequencies. We have observed such a behaviour in the case of 1 : 1 synchronization, where we have seen a variety of couplings in the literature that forces the oscillators to have almost equal frequencies and makes the system to oscillate with a common frequency independent of whether the oscillators are identical or non-identical. Similarly, in this article we observe that, whether the initial choice of frequencies is of the ratio 1 : 2 or not, the given nonlinear coupling forces the system to oscillate with the frequency ratio 1 : 2. Further, we present synchronization and other dynamical behaviours of the system by considereing different choices of natural frequencies.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021