Power-law cosmology in Weyl-type f(Q, T) gravity
Department of Mathematics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science-Pilani, Hyderabad Campus, 500078, Hyderabad, India
Accepted: 5 October 2021
Published online: 16 October 2021
Gravity is attributed to the spacetime curvature in classical general relativity (GR). But, other equivalent formulations or representations of GR, such as torsion or non-metricity, have altered the perception. We consider the Weyl-type f(Q, T) gravity, where Q represents the non-metricity and T is the trace of energy momentum tensor, in which the vector field determines the non-metricity of the spacetime. In this work, we employ the well-motivated , where and are the model parameters. Furthermore, we assume that the universe is dominated by the pressure-free matter, i.e., the case of dust (). We obtain the solution of field equations similar to a power-law in Hubble parameter H(z). We investigate the cosmological implications of the model by constraining the model parameter and using the recent 57 points Hubble data and 1048 points Pantheon supernovae data. To study various dark energy models, we use statefinder analysis to address the current cosmic acceleration. We also observe the Om diagnostic describing various phases of the universe. Finally, it is seen that the solution which mimics the power-law fits well with the Pantheon data than the Hubble data.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021