Cosmological aspects of f(R, T) gravity in a simple model with a parametrization of q
Department of Mathematics, Vivekananda College, University of Delhi, 110032, New Delhi, Delhi, India
2 Centre for Cosmology and Science Popularization (CCSP), SGT University, 122505, Gurugram, Haryana, India
Accepted: 10 August 2021
Published online: 25 August 2021
In this paper, we have considered a quadratic variation of the deceleration parameter (q) as a function of cosmic time (t) which describes a smooth transition from the decelerating phase of the Universe to an accelerating one and also show some distinctive feature from the standard model. The logical move of this article is against the behavior of the future Universe, i.e., whether the Universe expands forever or ends with a Big Rip, and we observe that the outcome of the considered parametrization comes in favor of Big Rip future of the Universe. The whole setup of the parametrization and solution is taken in f(R, T) theory of gravity for a spatially flat Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker (FLRW) geometry. Furthermore, we have considered the functional form of f(R, T) function as , where a quadratic correction of the geometric term R is adopted as the function f(R), and a linear matter term f(T). We have investigated some features of the model by examining the behavior of physical parameters. Our primary goal here is to discuss the physical dynamics of the model in f(R, T) gravity. We have found that the EoS parameter also has the same singularity as that of the Hubble parameter, i.e., at the initial phase and at the Big Rip. The EoS parameter is explored in some detail for our choice of f(R, T) function considered here. Different cases for f(R, T) functional form for different values of the coupling parameters are discussed, and the evolution of the physical parameters is shown graphically.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021