Constant bias and weak second periodic forcing : tools to mitigate extreme events
Department of Nonlinear Dynamics, Bharathidasan University, 620024, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
2 PG and Research Department of Physics, Nehru Memorial College (Autonomous), Puthanampatti, 621007, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Accepted: 31 July 2021
Published online: 7 August 2021
We propose two potentially viable non-feedback methods, namely (i) constant bias and (ii) weak second periodic forcing as tools to mitigate extreme events. We demonstrate the effectiveness of these two tools in suppressing extreme events in two well-known nonlinear dynamical systems, namely (i) Liénard system and (ii) a non-polynomial mechanical system with velocity-dependent potential. As far as the constant bias is concerned, in the Liénard system, the suppression occurs due to the decrease in large amplitude oscillations and in the non-polynomial mechanical system the suppression occurs due to the destruction of chaos into a periodic orbit. As far as the second periodic forcing is concerned, in both the examples, extreme events get suppressed due to the increase in large amplitude oscillations. We also demonstrate that by introducing a phase in the second periodic forcing one can decrease the probability of occurrence of extreme events even further in the non-polynomial system. To provide a support to the complete suppression of extreme events, we present the two parameter probability plot for all the cases. In addition to the above, we examine the feasibility of the aforementioned tools in a parametrically driven version of the non-polynomial mechanical system. Finally, we investigate how these two methods influence the multistability nature in the Liénard system.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021