Implementation of a quantum algorithm to estimate the energy of a particle in a finite square well potential on IBM quantum computer
Plasma Physics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Accepted: 9 July 2021
Published online: 21 July 2021
In this paper, we implement a quantum algorithm—on IBM quantum devices, IBM QASM simulator and PPRC computer cluster—to find the energy values of the ground state and the first excited state of a particle in a finite square-well potential. We use the quantum phase estimation technique and the iterative one to execute the program on PPRC cluster and IBM devices, respectively. Our results obtained from executing the quantum circuits on the IBM classical devices show that our circuits succeed at simulating the system. However, duo to scattered results, we execute only the iterative phase estimation part of the circuit on the 5 qubit quantum devices to reduce the circuit size and obtain low-scattered results.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021