Landau equation for self-gravitating classical and quantum particles: application to dark matter
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, Toulouse, France
Accepted: 27 May 2021
Published online: 29 June 2021
We develop the kinetic theory of classical and quantum particles (fermions and bosons) in gravitational interaction. The kinetic theory of quantum particles may have applications in the context of dark matter. For simplicity, we consider an infinite and spatially homogeneous system (or make a local approximation) and neglect collective effects. This leads to the quantum Landau equation derived heuristically in (Physica A 332: 89, 2004). We establish its main properties: conservation laws, H-theorem, equilibrium state, relaxation time, quantum diffusion and friction coefficients, quantum Rosenbluth potentials, self-consistent evolution, (thermal) bath approximation, quantum Fokker–Planck equation, quantum King model For bosonic particles, the Landau equation can describe the process of Bose–Einstein condensation. We discuss the relation of our study with the works of Levkov et al. (Phys Rev Lett 121: 151301, 2018) and Bar-Or et al. (Astrophys J 871: 28, 2019) on fuzzy dark matter halos and the formation of Bose stars and solitons.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021