Probing Szekeres’ colliding sandwich gravitational waves
School of Natural Sciences (SNS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (SEECS), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
3 Abdus Salam School of Mathematical Sciences (ASSMS) Government College University, 68B New Muslim Town, Lahore, Pakistan
Accepted: 11 May 2021
Published online: 20 May 2021
The behavior of the Khan–Penrose impulsive plane colliding gravitational wave spacetime was investigated using the pseudo-Newtonian formalism, which expresses the spacetime curvature in terms of forces. The essential singularity produced after collision was seen as a rapid build-up of the force. However, the singularity, when either wave has passed before the collision, did not appear in the force, leading to the conclusion that it is a topological singularity. The question of whether this feature is an artefact of the impulsive wave or is inherent in the causal structure of the spacetime is investigated here by extending the analysis of the Szekeres colliding sandwich gravitational waves, and very interesting insights are obtained. In particular, what Szekeres called a coordinate singularity after the collision of the waves turns out to be a curvature singularity.
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021