Electron bunchers for industrial RF linear accelerators: theory and design guide
RadiaBeam Technologies LLC, 1717 Stewart St, 90404, Santa Monica, CA, USA
Accepted: 13 March 2021
Published online: 25 April 2021
The acceleration of electrons in resonant linear accelerators (linacs) typically consists of three main stages: (1) emission of the electrons from the cathode and their pre-acceleration with a DC field to the energy of tens of keV; (2) grouping the DC electron beam into bunches and their synchronization with the correct phase of high-frequency electromagnetic fields, and (3) accelerating the bunches of relativistic electrons to the required energies. Although many books describe the theoretical and practical aspects of electron linac design, most of them concentrate on beam physics in either the gun stage or in the relativistic regime, while leaving the description of the bunching process rather general. The physics of non-relativistic motion is described in the literature on ion accelerators, but in practice, it cannot be scaled to electron machines due to the significantly different particle mass and acceleration rate, beam velocity change, and frequencies. In this tutorial review paper, we will fill this gap with a detailed description of the bunching process and provide practical advice on the design of bunching sections in industrial-grade electron linacs.
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.