Structure of gauge theories
Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008, Granada, Spain
Accepted: 9 February 2021
Published online: 9 March 2021
Elementary interactions are formulated according to the principle of minimal interaction although paying special attention to symmetries. In fact, we aim at rewriting any field theory on the framework of Lie groups, so that, any basic and fundamental physical theory can be quantized on the grounds of a group approach to quantization. In this way, connection theory, although here presented in detail, can be replaced by “jet-gauge groups” and “jet-diffeomorphism groups.” In other words, objects like vector potentials or vierbeins can be given the character of group parameters in extended gauge groups or diffeomorphism groups. As a natural consequence of vector potentials in electroweak interactions being group variables, a typically experimental parameter like the Weinberg angle is algebraically fixed. But more general remarkable examples of success of the present framework could be the possibility of properly quantizing massive Yang–Mills theories, on the basis of a generalized Non-Abelian Stueckelberg formalism where gauge symmetry is preserved, in contrast to the canonical quantization approach, which only provides either renormalizability or unitarity, but not both. It proves also remarkable the actual fixing of the Einstein Lagrangian in the vacuum by generalized symmetry requirements, in contrast to the standard gauge (diffeomorphism) symmetry, which only fixes the arguments of the possible Lagrangians.
© The Author(s) 2021
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