Effects of viscous dissipation and chemical reaction on MHD squeezing flow of Casson nanofluid between parallel plates in a porous medium with slip boundary condition
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Accepted: 19 October 2020
Published online: 21 October 2020
The present numerical study investigates magnetohydrodynamic squeezing flow of Casson nanofluid embedded in a porous medium with velocity slip under the influence of viscous dissipation and chemical reaction. Buongiorno’s nanofluid model is considered in this study. Suitable similarity transformations are used to convert the governing nonlinear partial differential equations into the system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Then, the equations are solved using an implicit finite difference scheme known as Keller-box method. The present method is validated by comparing the numerical results of skin friction coefficient, Nusselt and Sherwood numbers with previous published results and found to be in good agreement. Graphical results for velocity, temperature and nanoparticles concentration as well as wall shear stress, heat and mass transfer rate are examined with pertinent parameters. Findings reveal that fluid velocity and wall shear stress increase when the plates move closer. Also, increment of Casson and Hartmann number reduce the fluid velocity, temperature and nanoparticles concentration. The presence of viscous dissipation and thermophoresis enhance the fluid temperature and the convective heat transfer rate. Moreover, the rate of convective mass transfer decrease when Brownian motions of nanoparticles occurs, while it rises with increase in chemical reaction and thermophoresis.
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