D-bound and Bekenstein bound for McVittie solution surrounded by dark energy cosmological fields
Department of Physics, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Bilkent University, 06800, Ankara, Turkey
Accepted: 8 July 2020
Published online: 18 July 2020
The cosmological candidate fields for dark energy as quintessence, phantom and cosmological constant are studied in terms of an entropic hypothesis imposed on the McVittie solution surrounded by dark energy. We certify this hypothesis as “D-bound-Bekenstein bound identification” for dilute systems and use it as a criterion to determine which candidate of dark energy can satisfy this criterion for a dilute McVittie solution. It turns out that only the cosmological constant can pass this criterion successfully while the quintessence and phantom fields fail, as non-viable dark energy fields for this particular black hole solution. Moreover, assuming this black hole to possess the saturated entropy, the entropy-area law and the holographic principle can put two constraints on the radius R of the cosmological horizon. The first one shows that the Hubble radius is discrete such that for any arbitrary value of the black hole mass , the value of R is determined up to an integer number. The latter one shows that when a black hole is immersed in a cosmological background, the radius of the cosmological horizon is constrained as .
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