Temperature-dependent power laws in the brittle fragmentation of solid aromatic compounds
CNISM Dipartimento di Fisica, Politecnico di Milano, P.za Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milan, Italy
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Accepted: 11 April 2020
Published online: 19 May 2020
In many fragmentation processes, the probability P of obtaining debris with size x is proportional to where is the so-called critical exponent. Statistical distributions of this type are called power laws, and they are regarded as a fingerprint of the self-similar, or fractal nature, of the process. In the present paper, we present experimental data on the fragmentation process, performed at different temperatures, of various aromatic compounds with similar crystal structure but different thermodynamic properties. The statistical distribution of the debris size always follows a power law distribution over three decades or more for all compounds at all temperatures. The value of the critical exponent is generally higher at lower values of the grinding temperature. Our data are discussed in connection with the thermodynamic properties of the different materials. It is pointed out that a similar behaviour is also observed in the statistical distribution of the magnetization reversals taking place in thin ferromagnetic films under the effect of an applied magnetic field. This could be an indication of the existence of a more general mechanism acting in a similar way in these different systems.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020