Analytical study of micropolar fluid flow through porous layered microvessels with heat transfer approach
Department of Mathematics, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, Rajasthan, 333 031, India
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Accepted: 3 December 2019
Published online: 3 February 2020
The transport theory of three-layered fluid flow and heat transfer aspects in porous layered tubes is considered in the present work to study the flow of microlevel fluids through porous layered microvessels. The transportation of energy through porous media and the applications associated with heat transfer in physiological aspects are analyzed. Blood is considered as three-layered liquid model in which the core and peripheral regions of the tube are occupied by micropolar and Newtonian fluids, respectively. A thin glycocalyx layer near the wall is considered that represents the porous region due to the deposition of carbohydrates, fibrous tissues or macromolecules inside the interior surface of the tube wall. Analytical expressions for the various flow quantities like velocity, temperature profile, flow rate, flow impedance and additional quantities like hematocrit and Fahraeus effect are obtained and the impacts of various parameters like heat transfer and porous layer parameters are analyzed pictorially for two different formulations (no-spin and no-couple stress conditions). A noteworthy observation is that the impact of no-couple stress condition is relatively more significant in flow quantities, hematocrit and Fahraeus effect than the no-spin condition at the interface. The motivational work of the blood flow through porous blood vessels by selecting the micropolar fluid for the microlevel effects of the molecules may leave a significant impact in the treatment of the various diseases in medical sciences.
© Società Italiana di Fisica (SIF) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2020