Sensitivity analysis of radiative heat transfer in Casson and nano fluids under diffusion-thermo and heat absorption effects
Department of Mathematics, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore-560029, Karnataka, India
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Accepted: 20 August 2019
Published online: 10 December 2019
The exact analysis of the magnetohydrodynamic flow of a Newtonian nanofluid past an inclined plate through a porous medium is carried out. The flows of a Newtonian nanofluid and a non-Newtonian Casson fluid are juxtaposed. The heat transport phenomenon is analyzed in the presence of Dufour and heat absorption effects. The Darcy model and Rosseland approximation are employed to simulate the effects of porous media and radiative heat. The exact solutions are obtained by using the Laplace transform method. The effects of different physical parameters on the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles are scrutinized using graphs. Statistical techniques, like the slope of data points, coefficient of correlation, probable error, and multiple linear regression, are employed to analyze the rate of heat transfer and skin friction coefficient. Further, the sensitivity of the skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number are analyzed using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The Nusselt number has a positive sensitivity towards thermal radiation, and it is negatively sensitive towards nanoparticle volume fraction and Dufour number.
© Società Italiana di Fisica / Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2019