Singlet scalar dark matter in U(1)B-L models without right-handed neutrinos
School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, 500046, Hyderabad, India
2 Indian Institute of Technology Bhilai, GEC Campus, Sejbahar, 492015, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 23 September 2018
Published online: 27 November 2018
We investigate the phenomenology of singlet scalar dark matter in a simple B-L gauge extension of the Standard Model where the dark matter particle is charged under the symmetry. The non-trivial gauge anomalies are cancelled with the introduction of three exotic fermions with B-L charges as -4, -4, 5, instead of right-handed neutrinos , with B-L = -1 in the conventional model. Without the need of any ad hoc discrete symmetry, the B -L charge plays a crucial role in stabilizing the dark matter. We make a comprehensive study of dark matter phenomenology in the scalar and gauge portals separately. In the gauge-mediated regime, we invoke the LEP-II constraints and dilepton limits of ATLAS on the gauge parameters. A massless physical Goldstone plays a vital role in the scalar-portal dark matter observables, becomes a unique feature of the model. We show the mechanism of generating the light neutrino mass at one-loop level, where the dark matter singlet runs in the loop. We shed light on the semi-annihilation and, finally, we comment on indirect signals in this framework.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018