A short walk through the physics of neutron stars
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Catania. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123, Catania, Italy
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Accepted: 9 September 2018
Published online: 30 October 2018
In this work we shortly review several aspects of the physics of neutron stars. After the introduction we present a brief historical overview of the idea of neutron stars as well as of the theoretical and observational developments that followed it from the mid 1930s to the present. Then, we review few aspects of their observation discussing, in particular, the different types of telescopes that are used, the many astrophysical manifestations of these objects, and several observables such as masses, radii or gravitational waves. Finally, we briefly summarize some of theoretical issues, like their composition, structure equations, equation of state, neutrino emission and cooling.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018