Phenomenological optical potentials
INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95123, Catania, Italy
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Accepted: 20 August 2018
Published online: 5 October 2018
In this paper a “pedagogical” description of the scattering of two colliding nuclei is given. Some essential concepts are introduced, like the cross-section definition and the basic ingredients of scattering theory, which are preparatory for the discussion on the optical model. Phenomenological optical potentials are described, like the Woods-Saxon and the double-folding potential, highlighting their limits and the modifications that have been introduced in order to explain the new features that have emerged from experimental data with radioactive beams.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018