Comments on stellar evolution
American University of Beirut, Department of Physics, Beirut, Lebanon
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 1 July 2018
Published online: 19 September 2018
Given the limited space in this contribution, it is not possible to go into the details of the exciting astrophysical topic of stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis. It is attempted to emphasize the basics of this basic concept of the hydrostatic evolution of stars as they are driven by the interplay between gravity and nuclear energy generation, which is expressed by the virial theorem. In the case of massive stars roughly above , the breakdown of the hydrostatic evolution, due to the lack of nuclear energy generation, leads to gravitational collapse followed either by a successful supernova explosion, leaving a neutron star behind, or by a black hole, which is the ultimate end stage. The stars of masses in the lower mass range end their evolution as white dwarfs. The nucleosynthesis process in stars is a complex task. Most of the elements and their isotopes, especially the heavy elements, are produced in an explosive environment, or in the late stages of the asymptotic giant branch stars. The present paper will concentrate mainly on the evolutionary aspects, due to the to limited space given here.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018