A novel derivation of quantum propagator useful for time-dependent trapping and control
Department of Physics, University of Kurdistan, P.O.Box 66177-15175, Sanandaj, Iran
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 14 June 2018
Published online: 26 July 2018
A novel derivation of the quantum propagator of a system described by a general quadratic Lagrangian is presented in the framework of the Heisenberg equations of motion. The general corresponding density matrix is obtained for a derived quantum harmonic oscillator and a particle confined in a one-dimensional Paul trap. Total mean energy, work and absorbed heat, Wigner function and excitation probabilities are found explicitly. The method presented here is based on the Heisenberg representation of position and momentum operators and can be generalized to a system consisting of a set of linearly interacting harmonic oscillators straightforwardly.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018