Doppler broadening of neutron-induced resonances using ab initio phonon spectrum
Laboratory of Physical Studies, CEA/DEN Cadarache, F-13108, Saint Paul Les Durance, France
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, S-75120, Uppsala, Sweden
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Accepted: 10 April 2018
Published online: 8 May 2018
Neutron resonances observed in neutron cross section data can only be compared with their theoretical analogues after a correct broadening of the resonance widths. This broadening is usually carried out by two different theoretical models, namely the Free Gas Model and the Crystal Lattice Model, which, however, are only applicable under certain assumptions. Here, we use neutron transmission experiments on UO2 samples at K and K, to investigate the limitations of these models when an ab initio phonon spectrum is introduced in the calculations. Comparisons of the experimental and theoretical transmissions highlight the underestimation of the energy transferred at low temperature and its impact on the accurate determination of the radiation widths of the 238U resonances . The observed deficiency of the model represents an experimental evidence that the Debye-Waller factor is not correctly calculated at low temperature near the Neel temperature ( K).
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018