Computational analysis of nanofluids: A review
Centre for Advanced Studies in Pure and Applied Mathematics (CASPAM), Bahauddin Zakariya University, (60800-BZU), 60000, Multan, Pakistan
2 Department of Computer Sciences, Air University, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 January 2018
Published online: 23 February 2018
Nanofluids and heat transfer enhancement in real systems continue to be a widely research area of nanotechnology. An effort has been made to give a comprehensive review on time-wise development from different aspects of the nanofluids. The exceptional structures of nanofluids, for example, dispersion of nanoparticles volume fraction, thermophoresis phenomenon, Brownian motion, improvement in thermal conductivity, and especially heat transfer enhancement, etc., have been addressed in a mathematical perspective. The influence of important parameters like particle's (loading, material, size and shape-factor), base fluids type, temperature, additives, clustering and p H value has been considered. In addition, the summary-chart is presented for a better understanding of the mathematical structure of the Newtonian as well as non-Newtonian nanofluids. Some important results have been discussed for future work. This review article will be helpful for scientists and researchers.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018