Performance evaluation and comparison of three-terminal energy selective electron devices with different connective ways and filter configurations
Department of Physics, Xiamen University, 361005, Xiamen, China
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Accepted: 8 January 2018
Published online: 6 February 2018
Three-terminal energy selective electron (ESE) devices consisting of three electronic reservoirs connected by two energy filters and an electronic conductor with negligible resistance may work as ESE refrigerators and amplifiers. They have three possible connective ways for the electronic conductor and six electronic transmission forms. The configuration of energy filters may be described by the different transmission functions such as the rectangular and Lorentz transmission functions. The ESE devices with three connective ways can be, respectively, regarded as three equivalent hybrid systems composed of an ESE heat engine and an ESE refrigerator/heat pump. With the help of the theory of the ESE devices operated between two electronic reservoirs, the coefficients of performance and cooling rates (heat-pumping rates) of hybrid systems are directly derived. The general performance characteristics of hybrid systems are revealed. The optimal regions of these devices are determined. The performances of the devices with three connective ways of the electronic conductor and two configurations of energy filters are compared in detail. The advantages and disadvantages of each of three-terminal ESE devices are expounded. The results obtained here may provide some guidance for the optimal design and operation of three-terminal ESE devices.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018