Effect of volumetric radiation on natural convection in a cavity with a horizontal fin using the lattice Boltzmann method
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 91775-1111, Mashhad, Iran
* e-mail: Abolfazl@um.ac.ir
Accepted: 12 December 2017
Published online: 11 January 2018
The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is presented for the effects of volumetric radiation on laminar natural convection in a square cavity with a horizontal fin on the hot wall containing an absorbing, emitting and scattering medium. Accordingly, the flow, energy and radiative equations are solved by separate distribution functions in the LBM. A parametric study is performed: the effects of Rayleigh number and radiative parameters, such as extinction coefficient and scattering albedo on the flow and temperature fields are investigated. It is found that the isotherms become dense near the cold wall, due to highly participating properties and Rayleigh number. Also, the Nusselt number ratio (NNR) on the clod wall is examined for values of fin length and height. The maximum NNR is found at the longest fin length and near top wall for a given Rayleigh number.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2018