Solitary waves of surface plasmon polariton via phase shifts under Doppler broadening and Kerr nonlinearity
Department of Physics, University of Malakand, Chakdara Dir(L), Pakistan
2 Department of Physics, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal, Dir(U), Pakistan
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Accepted: 26 October 2017
Published online: 5 December 2017
Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPPs) are theoretically investigated at the interface of a dielectric metal and gold. The output pulse from the dielectric is used as the input pulse for the generation of SPPs. The SPPs show soliton-like behavior at the interface. The solitary form of a SPP is maintained under the effects of Kerr nonlinearity, Doppler broadening and Fresnel dragging whereas its phase shift is significantly modified. A 0.3radian phase shift is calculated in the presence of both Kerr nonlinearity and Fresnel dragging in the absence of plasma motion. The phase shift is enhanced to 60radian due to the combined effect of Doppler broadening, Kerr nonlinearity and Fresnel dragging. The results may have significant applications in nano-photonics, optical tweezers, photovoltaic devices, plasmonster and sensing technology.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature, 2017