Controlling nonlinear optical response in an open four-level molecular system using quantum control of spin-orbit interaction
Department of Physics, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Research Institute for Applied Physics, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
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Accepted: 4 September 2017
Published online: 16 October 2017
This paper investigates the behavior of linear and nonlinear optical susceptibility of an open four-level molecular system, under two-step excitation based on electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). The system was irradiated with a weak probe field and strong coupling field. It is shown that the use of a strong coupling field in the triplet states of an alkali-metal dimer can change the spin-orbit interaction (SOI). The optical response of the system can then be modified in a controllable way. The electromagnetically induced transparency transforms into electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) in the presence of a coupling field. Changing the sign of the dispersion, this region is associated with switching subluminal and superluminal propagation. Furthermore, for the proper value of the coupling field, the controllable parameters, enhanced Kerr nonlinearity with reduced linear absorption, can be obtained under a weak probe field. With this approach, SOI can be controlled by changing only one of the controllable parameters, using triplet-triplet strong coupling with different spin state. Therefore, the desired region of the spectra can be obtained, in contrast to the other four-level system, in which at least two strong fields are used to change optical properties. This mechanism can be suitable in molecular systems or semiconductors to be used in optical bistability and fast all-optical switching devices.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, 2017