Numerical study of a thermally stratified flow of a tangent hyperbolic fluid induced by a stretching cylindrical surface
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
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Accepted: 27 July 2017
Published online: 15 September 2017
The effects of temperature stratification on a tangent hyperbolic fluid flow over a stretching cylindrical surface are studied. The fluid flow is achieved by taking the no-slip condition into account. The mathematical modelling of the physical problem yields a nonlinear set of partial differential equations. These obtained partial differential equations are converted in terms of ordinary differential equations. Numerical investigation is done to identify the effects of the involved physical parameters on the dimensionless velocity and temperature profiles. In the presence of temperature stratification it is noticed that the curvature parameter makes both the fluid velocity and fluid temperature increase. In addition, positive variations in the thermal stratification parameter produce retardation with respect to the fluid flow, as a result the fluid temperature drops. The skin friction coefficient shows a decreasing nature for increasing value of both power law index and Weissenberg number, whereas the local Nusselt number is an increasing function of the Prandtl number, but opposite trends are found with respect to the thermal stratification parameter. The obtained results are validated by making a comparison with the existing literature which brings support to the presently developed model.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, 2017