Surface effects on the vibration behavior of flexoelectric nanobeams based on nonlocal elasticity theory
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
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Accepted: 28 October 2016
Published online: 18 January 2017
In this research, vibration characteristics of a flexoelectric nanobeam in contact with Winkler-Pasternak foundation is investigated based on the nonlocal elasticity theory considering surface effects. This nonclassical nanobeam model contains flexoelectric effect to capture coupling of strain gradients and electrical polarizations. Moreover, the nonlocal elasticity theory is employed to study the nonlocal and long-range interactions between the particles. The present model can degenerate into the classical model if the nonlocal parameter, flexoelectric and surface effects are omitted. Hamilton's principle is employed to derive the governing equations and the related boundary conditions which are solved applying a Galerkin-based solution. Natural frequencies are verified with those of previous papers on nanobeams. It is illustrated that flexoelectricity, nonlocality, surface stresses, elastic foundation and boundary conditions affects considerably the vibration frequencies of piezoelectric nanobeams.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2017