The adjoint neutron transport equation and the statistical approach for its solution
INFN, Sezione di Genova, Via Dodecaneso, 33, 16146, Genova, Italy
2 Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento Energia, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129, Torino, Italy
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 November 2016
Published online: 25 November 2016
The adjoint equation was introduced in the early days of neutron transport and its solution, the neutron importance, has been used for several applications in neutronics. The work presents at first a critical review of the adjoint neutron transport equation. Afterwards, the adjont model is constructed for a reference physical situation, for which an analytical approach is viable, i.e. an infinite homogeneous scattering medium. This problem leads to an equation that is the adjoint of the slowing-down equation, which is well known in nuclear reactor physics. A general closed-form analytical solution to such adjoint equation is obtained by a procedure that can be used also to derive the classical Placzek functions. This solution constitutes a benchmark for any statistical or numerical approach to the adjoint equation. A sampling technique to evaluate the adjoint flux for the transport equation is then proposed and physically interpreted as a transport model for pseudo-particles. This can be done by introducing appropriate kernels describing the transfer of the pseudo-particles in the phase space. This technique allows estimating the importance function by a standard Monte Carlo approach. The sampling scheme is validated by comparison with the analytical results previously obtained.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2016