Some physical properties of CdO:F thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis
Nano Research Lab, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 1616, Lahijan, Iran
2 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Guilan, 41335, Rasht, Iran
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 10 November 2015
Published online: 21 December 2015
Different attractions of cadmium oxide in the field of materials science especially in semiconductor science and engineering encouraged us to study its physical properties. The preparation of a transparent conducting cadmium oxide doped with various concentration of fluorine (0%, 3%, 6%) in the spray solution on a glass substrate by spray pyrolysis is reported. The structural, morphological, electrical and optical properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Hall effect and UV-visible spectrophotometry. Different optical quantities such as optical band gap, refractive index, extinction coefficient, Urbach energy, oscillator energy, dispersion energy and nonlinear optical susceptibility were determined. The XRD, SEM, Hall effect and AFM showed the doping concentration effects on CdO thin-films properties. Observations such as the decrease of the sheet resistance to , the mobility increase up to 29.3(cm2/V·s), the transmittance up to 84% and the increase of the band gap up to 2.76(eV) state the sample CdO:F 3% is the best candidate for transparent and conducting oxide application.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2015