Description of atmospheric conditions at the Pierre Auger Observatory using meteorological measurements and models
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Kernphysik, Karlsruhe, Germany
2 Observatorio Pierre Auger, Av. San Martín Norte 304, 5613, Malargüe, Argentina
* e-mail: email@example.com
Accepted: 27 July 2012
Published online: 29 August 2012
Atmospheric conditions at the site of a cosmic-ray observatory must be known well for reconstructing observed extensive air showers, especially when measured using the fluorescence technique. For the Pierre Auger Observatory, a sophisticated network of atmospheric monitoring devices has been conceived. Part of this monitoring was a weather balloon program to measure atmospheric state variables above the observatory. To use the data in reconstructions of air showers, monthly models have been constructed. Scheduled balloon launches were abandoned and replaced with launches triggered by high-energetic air showers as part of a rapid monitoring system. Currently, the balloon launch program is halted and atmospheric data from numerical weather prediction models are used. A description of the balloon measurements, the monthly models as well as the data from the numerical weather prediction are presented.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2012