2018 Impact factor 2.612

EPJ Plus Highlight - Ultrafast laser for crafting ever thinner solar cells

Interaction between ultrashort pulse laser and a target.

Solar-cell efficiency depends on how thin it can be manufactured. Now, a new model exploits femtosecond laser sources to get higher efficiency at lower cost

The race for ever more efficient and cheaper solar cells tests the limits of manufacturing. To achieve this, photovoltaic solar cells need to become thinner and are made of more complex inner structures. Now, Italian scientists have investigated and expanded a model elucidating the dominant physical processes when ultra-fast lasers are used in manufacturing solar cells to these specifications. An article by Alberto Gurizzan and Paolo Villoresi from the University of Padova in Italy detailing this model has now been published in EPJ Plus.

The authors rely on ultra-fast lasers, to develop a process called ablation, used to allow the formation of the metal contacts. It involves selectively removing the upper dielectric layer of the photovoltaic cell material without damaging the semiconductor beneath. Compared to previous methods, it offers many advantages - it reduces heat damage while improving the precision, energy efficiency and speed of the process.

Editor-in-Chief
Paolo Biscari
The authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions. They are also grateful to EPJP for their corrections pertaining to the English language.

E. Tala-Tebue, University of Dschang, Bandjoun, Cameroon

ISSN: 2190-5444 (Electronic Edition)

© Società Italiana di Fisica and
Springer-Verlag